|Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)||
Privacy Act (PA)
|Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA)||
TYPES OF AUTHORITY: There are four kinds of authority used to establish a committee.
- Statutory (Congress Created) is nondiscretionary establishment authority specifically mandated in law.
- Authorized by Law and
- Agency Authority are both discretionary establishment authorities, either pursuant to law, or by the decision of the agency head, respectively.
- Presidential means established by Executive order or other direction by the President, and is nondiscretionary. Negotiated rulemaking ("Reg-Neg") committees and labor-management partnership committees (EO 12871) are considered Presidential. The authority is displayed based on decisions made when a committee was established.
- National Policy Issue Advisory Board, which are assigned to committees devoted to advising agencies on the implementation of National Policy Issues.
- Non Scientific Program Advisory Board, which are assigned to committees devoted to advising agencies on the implementation of Non Scientific Programs.
- Scientific Technical Program Advisory Board, which are assigned to committees devoted to advising agencies on the implementation of Scientific Technical Programs.
- Grant Review Committee, which are assigned to committees concerned with making recommendations for grants and awards.
- Regulatory Negotiations Committee, which are assigned to committees concerned with making Regulatory Negotiations.
- Other Committee, which are committees which either cross categories or do not fit the categories listed above, or a
- Special Emphasis Panel. A Special Emphasis Panel generally has a purpose similar to a Grant Review Committee and is not just an advisory committee dealing with a single topic of great concern. This term has limited usage and most Special Emphasis Panels are located in NIH.
The agency Committee Management Officer is the proper place to start when seeking information about a federal advisory committee. Select an agency.